: According to this article, the anti-immigrant tone of leading Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump is partly behind an increase in the number of Mexican and Central American migrants trying to enter the US. Tighter immigration controls are anticipated if a Republican wins the election to be held in November 2016.
: During a press conference held in Spain, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon addressed increased border controls in some European countries saying, “[…] restrictions are not in line with international law or with common human decency. Every asylum seeker has the right to have his or her application considered individually”
: Ahead of a key meeting between EU leaders and Turkey, UNHCR sets out a six-point plan to address the refugee crisis. "There is really no other option than working together to solve this," said High Commissioner Grandi.
: This article highlights the plight of African migrants who opt for a less risky and cheaper journey (compared to northward route to Europe) to South Africa in search of better opportunities. Migrants experience various forms of abuse during the journey and in South Africa such as bribes extortion, detention and xenophobic attacks.
: In this opinion article, the author argues that the only “truly” humanitarian solution to Europe’s migration crisis is to enable migrants to return home or closer home. Using Australia as an example, the author concludes that EU naval ships should intercept and return migrant boats to defeat smugglers and deter migrants.
: UNHCR expresses concern over some aspects of the EU-Turkey deal on stemming the flow of migrants stating that the agency “is not a party to it nor privy to all the details and modalities of implementation.”
: Australia’s refugee resettlement deal with Cambodia worth $55 million suffers a blow as more refugees transferred to Cambodia under the deal abandon the country leaving only two resettled refugees. Human rights groups have criticized the deal citing Cambodia’s poor track record of integrating refugees and human rights abuse.
: Up to 336 migrants from Central America are set to be deported as part of an operation dubbed “Operation Border Guardian” launched in January 2016. The operation is aimed at deterring illegal border crossings.
: Noting the increasing number of migrant children arriving in Europe, UNICEF calls on European governments to prioritize protection for the children. More than a third of those on Europe’s shores are reportedly children.
: This Q&A article by ICMPD explores the impact of border closures on stemming the flow of migrants to EU. The article concludes that border controls can slow down migration flows but will not stop them as migrants are expected to continue travelling to EU on different paths. In addition, border controls are likely to put people smugglers back into business.
: In this opinion article, Jeffrey Sachs proposes three approaches to address the migrant crisis. These include stopping conflicts and promoting long-term economic development in origin countries, and adjusting global migration policies.
: Following a crackdown on Islamist militants in northwest region of Pakistan, an estimated one million displaced people are yet to return home owing to aid shortfalls, ruined infrastructure and lingering risk of attacks by the militants.
: According to this article, a memorandum of understanding is set to be signed by governments of India and Bahrain to curb human trafficking and enhance cooperation on rescue and repatriation of victims.
: UNICEF announces that more than 230,000 Colombian children have been displaced since peace talks between the government and rebels began three years ago. The agency appealed for material and psychological support for the displaced children.
: In a landmark ruling, the ICC finds DRC’s former vice president Jean-Pierre Bemba responsible for a campaign of rape and murder in Central Africa Republic in 2002 and 2003. Bemba failed to restrain his MLC soldiers who committed the war crimes.
: The declaration is adopted during the sixth ministerial conference on the Bali Process held on 23 March 2016 in Bali, Indonesia. The declaration is aimed at reinforcing States commitments to tackle irregular migration within and outside the Asia Pacific region.
: French security forces clash with asylum seekers as authorities began dismantling makeshift shelters in Calais camp. Elsewhere, security forces clash with migrants on the Greece-Macedonia border following protests in which an estimated 300 people reportedly stormed through the border fence into Macedonia.
: In a press statement, UNHCR warns that Europe is on the verge of a largely self-induced humanitarian crisis following an increase in the number of migrants and asylum seekers stuck in Greece as European countries impose new border restrictions.
: In this opinion article, the author outlines 10 political dilemmas that have had EU governments going in circles without a solution to the migration crisis. These include sending back, fending off, or locking up migrants among others.
: A top EU military general indicates that EU’s naval mission to combat migrant smugglers in the Mediterranean has driven smugglers to “amend their business model” by increasingly using cheaper, smaller and less seaworthy rubber boats imported from China to avoid huge financial loss if sunk.
: Speaking during a press conference in Athens, EU Council president Donald Tusk warns potential economic migrants not to come to Europe. "[…] do not come to Europe. Do not believe the smugglers. Do not risk your lives and your money. It is all for nothing”, he said.
: EU and Turkey agree on a deal that will see all non-Syrian economic migrants sent back to Turkey immediately they reach Greek shores. In return, EU will disburse the first 95 million euro from a three billion euro fund meant to help Turkey cope with 2.5million Syrian migrants in the country.
: Macedonian authorities introduce new asylum restrictions that will require asylum seekers to provide proof that they are coming from warzones before being allowed to enter the country for further transit into EU. (
: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania tighten their border controls including erecting fences on their eastern borders over fears that the Baltic region will become a new entry point for migrants as the route through the Balkans becomes harder.
: Human Rights Watch criticizes the EU-Turkey deal aimed at stemming the flow of migrants from Turkey to Greece, arguing that it contradicts EU principles guaranteeing the right to seek asylum and against collective expulsions. (
: This article highlights the plight of children and in particular unaccompanied minors making perilous journey from their homelands to seek refuge in Europe. Children now account for more than a third of migrants arriving in Europe.
: According to this article, a quarter of all asylum seekers arriving in Netherlands in 2016 came from a country considered safe by Dutch’s immigration agency. Following recent changes to asylum regulations, individuals from safe countries can still claim asylum but need to show that their personal safety is in danger.
: Italy’s coastguard rescue an estimated 2,500 people and recover three bodies in operations conducted over a period of two days. A surge in migrant crossings and smuggling activity between North Africa and Italy is expected owing to warmer weather, calm seas and a crackdown on irregular migrants on the East Mediterranean route.
: The Civil Liberties Committee of the European Parliament vote in favour of a proposal to allow EU embassies and consulates to issue humanitarian visas to persons seeking international protection. According to the legislators, this will facilitate safe and legitimate travel to the EU and dissuade migrant smuggling.
: The European Court of Auditors (ECA) conclude that EU achieved limited impact on projects aimed at tackling migrant crisis between 2007 and 2013 in Southern Mediterranean and Eastern Neighbourhood countries. Projects were found to have weak financial management, whereas migrants’ human rights were rarely observed. (
: EU strikes a deal with Turkey aimed at deterring irregular migration. Under this deal, EU will resettle one Syrian from a camp in Turkey in exchange for each Syrian who used an irregular route to Greece.
: In a letter seen by Reuters, EU’s foreign chief warns that there are nearly half a million IDPs and refugees in Libya who could potentially migrate to Europe unless action is taken to boost Libya’s police, border forces and counter-terrorism operations.
: Europe’s intergovernmental human rights institutions calls for a strong response to xenophobic attacks against migrants, asylum seekers and refugees urging governments to uphold their international obligations.
: UNHCR takes a swipe at the EU-Turkey deal, saying it would no longer assist in the transfer of migrants and refugees arriving in Greece to hotspots or what the agency terms as “detention centers”. The agency argues that the deal is prematurely being implemented without the required safeguards.
2015: UNHCR latest figures indicate that 250,473 Burundian refugees have been registered in neighbouring countries since April 2015 of which 12,186 in DRC; 73,926 in Rwanda; 131,834 in Tanzania; 22,330 in Uganda; and 1,197 in Zambia. (
: Egyptian authorities in collaboration with IOM facilitate the return of seven Egyptian citizens stuck in Damascus, Syria. In February 2016, another 14 Egyptian citizens were assisted to return home.
: Egyptian border forces stop 45 Syrians planning to cross the border into Sudan. The Syrians had reportedly been abandoned by people smugglers in a desert area west of Marsa Alam. According to UNHCR, there are about 120,000 Syrian refugees and asylum seekers in Egypt since conflict erupted.
: In a press statement, Egypt expresses concern over the agreement between Turkey and EU aimed at addressing irregular migration, terming it as “a contradiction to treaties and principles of international law”
: This article highlights the situation of Egyptian youth and possible reasons why they are likely to or are migrating from the country. Two-thirds of the country’s population is under 30 years of age and the unemployment rate is about 42% for 15-24 year olds.
: According to this article, Eritrean authorities confirm that the compulsory National Service will remain without fundamental change however the government is planning to raise the monthly wage roughly estimated to be USD 10. The conscription policy has been cited as the primary push factor by Eritreans fleeing the country. The UN estimates as many as 5,000 people leave the country each month.
: In a statement to the Human Rights Council, the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Eritrea expresses concern on the number of unaccompanied Eritrean children crossing international borders, the root causes and protection needs of the children.
: Israel’s Supreme Court deletes the word ‘Rwanda’ from the transcript of an ongoing hearing in which Israel’s pro-migrant groups have appealed against state’s policy of imprisoning migrants denied asylum indefinitely if they refuse self-deportation to an unnamed third country.
: Police in Nairobi rescue and detain 23 Ethiopian migrants accused by residents of being criminals. According to the police, the migrants will be charged in court for unlawful presence in the country.
: Kenyan police detain 114 individuals from various countries including Nigeria and Ethiopia for allegedly being in the country illegally. Police indicated that a crackdown on illegal migrants in Nairobi was on-going. : Three police officers are arrested in Marsabit County in Kenya for allegedly facilitating the movement of 23 Ethiopian migrants from the border town to Nairobi.
: A court in Marsabit County in Kenya fines 18 Ethiopians migrants Ksh. 30,000 or a jail term of three months for being in the country illegally. The migrants were arrested at a Marsabit-Moyale roadblock in a Nairobi-bound lorry.
: According to a research conducted by HAART, an anti-trafficking agency, more than one in four internally displaced persons surveyed in Kenya, has been a victim or witness of human trafficking. Researchers found out that the 2007/08 post-election IDPs were most at risk than people displaced by other causes such as environmental disasters.
: IOM in collaboration with Nigerian and Libyan authorities assist 172 stranded Nigerian migrants to return home from Libya. Most of the migrants were detained as they tried to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Europe.
: Libyan coastguard rescue 32 migrants from a boat that sank off the Libyan coast as dozens are feared to have drowned. More than 16,000 people have crossed the Mediterranean Sea from Libya to Italy in the first three months of 2016.
: Libya’s UN backed unity government arrives in Tripoli and holds meetings with political supporters, local leaders and businessman as it seeks to secure state institutions in the capital. Western leaders hope the unity government will restore security, oil production and stem migrant flows from Libya to Europe.
: This article by VICE highlight the plight of female refugees in Dzaleka refugee camp in Malawi who are pushed to engage in “transactional sex” or “survival sex” to survive as aid agencies cut food rations due to shortage of funds.
: UNHCR announces that a former refugee camp in Malawi will be reopened to cope with an influx of Mozambicans fleeing worsening conflict in their country. An estimated 11,500 Mozambicans refugees have crossed into Malawi since December 2015.
: Speaking on condition of anonymity, a senior UN official says at least 50,000 people have been killed in South Sudan’s civil war which started in December 2013. The official was sceptic of the August peace deal implementation owing to continued conflicts in some parts of the country.
: Human Rights Watch warn of expanded fighting between South Sudanese government forces and rebel groups in the Western Equatorial region calling on the AU to form a hybrid court to try war crimes as well as the UN Security Council to impose an arms embargo on all forces to help halt abuses against civilians.
: According to this article, Sudan and Norway agree to form a partnership to combat illegal migration, terrorism and human trafficking through Sudan. Sudanese security forces have been accused of being involved in human trafficking in the country’s eastern states.
: Uganda’s parliament pass a bill that restricts fast-track foreign adoption to prevent child trafficking. According to the new law, foreigners seeking to adopt children will be required to live continuously in the country for at least one year while inter-country adoption will only be permitted where a child has no known relatives, legal guardians or foster parents.
: In a joint press statement, IOM and UNHCR express concern over the conflict in Yemen in which 2.4 million people have been internally displaced. Noting the increasingly dire humanitarian and socio-economic conditions, the agencies warned the situation is likely to get worse.
: IOM resumes its evacuation operations in Yemen providing repatriation assistance to 250 Ethiopian migrants stranded in Yemen. In 2015, IOM assisted over 13, 000 stranded migrants in Yemen to return home.