Media Listing June 2016

Global

What a way to tackle the migrant crisis! EU plans to control the influx by inviting MORE from Africa and the Middle East: According to this article, EU proposes a new plan aimed at curbing illegal migration which will see migrants from Africa and the Middle East given US-style green cards granting them the right to work. The EU also plans to offer £6.2billion in aid to Africa countries in an attempt to repeat the EU-Turkey migrant deal. (The Daily Mail – 07/06/2016)

EU drafts ‘positive & negative incentives’ for African states to block migrant flows: The proposed EU plan aimed at discouraging irregular migration from Africa will apply a “mix of positive and negative incentives to reward third countries willing to cooperate effectively with EU and ensure there are consequences for those who do not.” (RT News – 07/06/2016) 

EU migration policy suggests Europe prefers strongmen over reality: The author of this article critiques the latest EUs migration policy which adopts a carrot and stick approach by offering aid, trade and expertise to developing countries such as Sudan and Eritrea to halt irregular migration to Europe. (The Guardian – 08/06/2016) 
Common-sense steps to deal with the migrant crisis: In this Op-Ed article, the author suggest steps the EU can consider to address the migration crisis. These include, creating awareness to potential African migrants on the dangers of irregular migration, committing additional naval patrols and offshore processing to deter flow of migrants. (New York Times – 09/06/2016) 

Ecowas to introduce common W/African ID card, remove residence permit: According to this article, ECOWAS is set to introduce a common biometric identity card for all the 15 member countries as well as remove payment of resident permits for citizens in the bloc. This is aimed at deepening integration within the bloc by enhancing free movement of people. (The Point – 10/06/2016)

EU adopts new measures to promote stability and combat the root causes of irregular migration: European Commission adopts six new measures worth more than 146 million euros in the Sahel region and Lake Chad Basin, under the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. (European Commission Press – 13/06/2016) 
Saudi stops 122 African migrants at sea: Saudi authorities reportedly intercept 122 African migrants who were trying to reach the kingdom from Africa via the Red Sea. The group consisted of 109 Sudanese nationals, 11 Nigerians, one Ethiopian and one Chadian. (Al Arabiya – 13/06/2016) 

UN greenlights EU operation against Libya arms smuggling: UN Security Council adopts a measure authorizing EU naval force to stop and search ships and seize illegal arms headed to or from Libya. This is aimed at bolstering the Libyan government and to stopping the spread of arms into the hands of militias operating in Libya. (VOA News – 14/06/2016) The European Union can't outsource its migrant crisis: In this editorial, the author takes a swipe at the recent EU migration partnership framework targeting selected African countries and argues that the plan is both troubling and inadequate. (Chicago Tribune – 14/06/2016)

Niger says 34 migrants found dead in Sahara Desert: The government of Niger report that 34 migrants, including 20 children, have been found dead in the Sahara desert near the border with Algeria. According to authorities, the migrants appeared to have died of thirst after being abandoned by their smuggler. (BBC – 16/06/2016) 

Illegal migrants deported from Thailand: Thai authorities deport 73 Cambodian nationals including 15 women for working in the country without proper documentation. According to authorities, 50 – 100 undocumented Cambodian workers are deported from Thailand every day. (KHMER Times – 16/06/2016) 

Why Niger is West Africa’s people-smuggling hub: This article highlights factors that have led Niger to become a focal point for migrants transiting from countries in West Africa such as Senegal, Mali and the Gambia. Some of the factors includes the insecurity and power wrangles in Libya and the harsh conditions that makes it difficult to police the extensive desert route from Agadez to Libya. (Newsweek – 17/06/2016)

MSF spurns EU funding over 'shameful' Turkey migrant deal: Medical aid charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) announce it will reject all funding from the EU and its member states in protest at a deal to stem the influx of migrants and refugees that the EU reached with Turkey. The charity said the agreement went against the fundamental principles of providing assistance to people in need. (Reuters – 17/06/2016)

130,000 Haitians face deportation from Dominican Republic: More than 130,000 Haitians living in the Dominican Republic risk deportation because it is nearly impossible for them to renew their temporary residency permits. This comes after the Dominican government started enforcing a policy that denies citizenship to people born in the country to parents without legal residency. (The Times of India – 21/06/2016)

Asylum seekers struggle to survive in one of the world’s most expensive cities: Refugees and asylum seekers living in Hong Kong demand greater rights as they mark the World Refugee Day on 20th June 2016. Asylum seekers are prohibited from working yet it takes more than a decade for their claims to be determined. There are an estimated 11,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Hong Kong. (Time – 21/06/2016)

Obama immigration plan blocked as U.S. High Court deadlocks: The US Supreme Court votes evenly on an immigration program that would have shielded as many as 4 million unauthorized immigrants from deportation and allowed them to seek work permits. (Bloomberg – 23/06/2016)  

US finds slow progress against human trafficking in Africa: The US State Department releases its annual Trafficking in Persons report which finds Africa to be a major source and destination for human trafficking of all kinds from forced labour to sexual slavery. None of the African countries made it to the top tier which is dominated by developed Western nations. (VOA News – 30/06/2016)

Europe

Amnesty says Spain asylum system 'obsolete': Amnesty International calls on Spain to reform an asylum system it labelled “inefficient, obsolete and discriminatory” citing the low number of refugees Spain has accepted. In 2015, Spain gave protection to 1,030 asylum seekers compared to more than 26,000 in France and over 5,000 in Bulgaria. (World Bulletin – 01/06/2016) 

France to take in 30,000 refugees stranded in Greece by 2018: France says it will accept 400 refugees per month from Greece, with 30,000 to enter the country in the next two years, as part of the EU relocation deal signed by EU members in 2015. (DW – 02/06/2016) 

France urges more cooperation with Africa on migration: In a media interview with a Greek newspaper, France’s prime minister urges the EU to work more with African countries to tackle migration flows to Europe. “We need to cooperate further with African countries of transit or of origin [and] in particular Niger,” Manuel Valls said. (Reuters – 02/06/2016) 

EU reckless refugee returns to Turkey illegal: Amnesty International calls on the EU to immediately halt plans to return asylum-seekers to Turkey on the “false pretence that it is a safe country”. The human rights organization cites three crucial shortcomings under international law for return of asylum seekers to Turkey. (Amnesty International – 02/06/2016)

Why the number of refugees drowning in the Mediterranean keeps rising: In this opinion article, the author explores the reasons why refugees and migrants are increasingly drowning in the Mediterranean Sea. Some of the reasons include, the conducive weather which attracts more people to attempt the crossing and smugglers using unsafe boats to meet the increasing demand. (The Washington Post – 03/06/2016)

EU court rules illegal migrants cannot be jailed: In a landmark case involving a Ghanaian migrant who was arrested at the Channel Tunnel en route to Britain from Belgium, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) rules that EU countries cannot imprison non-EU migrants who have illegally crossed a frontier if they have not already been subject to deportation procedures. (Business Recorder – 08/06/2016) 

Migrants use Facebook to pay thousands of pounds for legal work permits to enter Europe: According to this article, Syrian migrants are using new ways to reach Europe by purchasing bogus but legal work permits from smugglers via Facebook which enables them to fly into Europe legally but then claim asylum as soon as they arrive. (The Express – 10/06/2016)

Traffickers exploiting young refugees in French camps, says Unicef: According to a report by UNICEF, young children in refugee camps in Calais and Dunkirk are being sexually exploited and forced to commit crimes by traffickers who promise passage to the UK. (The Guardian – 13/06/2016)

Spike in numbers of migrant children arriving alone in Europe raises exploitation risks: UNICEF expresses concern over the increasing number of unaccompanied migrant children arriving in Europe. In the first five months of 2016, more than 7,000 unaccompanied children arrived in Italy via the Central Mediterranean route. (Reuters – 14/06/2016)

Greek people-smuggler gets 103 years: A Greek people smuggler is sentenced to 103 years in prison for ferrying groups of migrants across the Aegean Sea to Europe. The smuggler was arrested in June 2015 by the Greek coastguard off the island of Tilos near Turkey. (News24 – 19/06/2016)

Greece introduces quick deportation for ‘criminal’ migrants: Greece introduces a new deportation system for migrants aimed at restoring order to some island refugee centres where outbreak of violence has become common. According to the new system, anyone suspected or found to have committed a crime can be quickly expelled to Turkey. (The Times – 23/06/2016)

Migrant crisis: 4,500 rescued in Mediterranean in one day: The Italian navy and coastguard rescue more than 4,500 migrants in about 40 rescue operations conducted in the Mediterranean Sea in the course of one day. (BBC – 23/06/2016) 

Somali’s in Europe shaken by UK’s decision to leave the EU: This article covers the uncertainty faced by Somali community following UK’s vote to exit the European Union. Many Somalis who started life in other EU countries like the Netherlands, Sweden and france now reside in the UK either as workers or with their family members. (Mareeg – 24/06/2016)

More than 100 aid groups call on EU to abandon new migration plan: A group of 109 aid groups urge the EU Commission to scrap plans for a new migration deal for people from Africa and the Middle East. "This approach will not only fail to break the business model of smugglers but increase human suffering as people are forced into taking more dangerous routes," read the statement. (Europe Online – 27/06/2016) 

What does Brexit mean for refugees?: In this article, the author explores some ramifications for refugees and asylum seekers as Britain votes to leave the European Union. The political landscape both in UK and the rest of EU countries is likely to change in relation to immigration. (IRIN News – 27/06/2016) 

Russia is deporting illegal immigrants, activists claim: According to this article, Russia is tightening its immigration rules to reduce the flow of migrants mostly from the former Soviet Central Asian republics. Between 2013 and 2015, Russian courts have issued more than 500,000 removal orders. (RBTH – 27/06/2016)

Police arrest 28 suspected illegal immigrants: Security forces in the UK detain 28 suspected illegal migrants after they were found in the back of a lorry. The group consisted of eleven Eritreans, ten Sudanese and seven Ethiopians.  (Daily Mail – 27/06/2016) 

More EU-bound migrants leaving from Egypt: Frontex expresses concern over the increasing numbers of Europe-bound migrants departing from Egyptian shores. “The number of boat crossings this year from Egypt to Italy has reached 1,000 (so far). The route is gaining popularity,” said Frontex chief Fabrice Leggeri. (Daily Sabah – 28/06/2016)

Greek police arrest 5 for migrant smuggling: Greek authorities arrest five people in two separate operations for planning to assist about 53 migrants to illegally cross Greece’s northern border with Macedonia. The migrants come from Syria, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. (Washington Post – 26/06/2016)

Burundi

'Burundi girls sold into slavery in Arab Gulf': Human rights organizations in Burundi express concern over increasing cases of people trafficking to the Gulf States. About 800 girls and women have been trafficked to the Gulf States since October 2015. (IOL – 12/06/2016) 

Burundi: UN experts call for concrete steps to end crisis: Three UN human rights experts call for concrete steps to be taken to end the Burundi crisis. The three noted that there was a significant drop in the number of executions however serious human rights violations remained including disappearances and torture, impunity, arbitrary mass arrests and detentions. (OHCHR – 17/06/2016)

Egypt

19 Egyptians caught before illegal boat crossing to Italy: Egyptian coastguard intercept 19 individuals including 4 men, 4 women and 11 children as they attempted to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Italy from Glime beach, Alexandria. (Egypt Independent – 04/06/2016)

EU seeks talks with Cairo as migrants depart Egyptian coast: The EU plans to hold talks with Egyptian authorities to curb the Egypt-Italy migrant route which is increasingly being used by migrants heading to Europe. Migrants pay up to $5,000 for the sea voyages which take up to 10 days on board bigger ships stocked with food, water and with proper crew. (Saudi Gazette – 20/06/2016)

Eritrea

For Eritreans, Egypt is the new route to Europe: This article highlights the plight of Eritrean migrants who are opting for the Egyptian route to Europe due to increasing risks and dangers in Libya. (IRIN News – 06/06/2016)

UN Inquiry finds crimes against humanity in Eritrea: The UN Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea releases a report which concludes that crimes against humanity have been committed in a widespread and systematic manner in Eritrea since 1991. (OHCHR- 08/06/2016) 

UN calls for Eritrea leaders to be tried for crimes against humanity: UN human rights investigators accuse Eritrean leaders of crimes against humanity including torture, rape, murder and enslaving hundreds of thousands of people. In this regard, the investigators call for the case to be referred to the International Criminal Court. (The Telegraph – 08/06/2016)

EU considering ‘partnership’ with Eritrea on migration despite UN accusations of crimes against humanity: According to this article, the EU is considering partnership with Eritrea to manage migration despite calls for Eritrean leaders to be tried for crimes against humanity. Other 15 possible countries have been identified for unspecified “packages” to increase cooperation on managing migration. (The Independent – 08/06/2016) 

Exiled Eritreans confirm abuse allegations against their gov't: Exiled Eritreans react to the Commission of Inquiry report on human rights in Eritrea. “Although there are so many sorts of crimes that have taken place in Eritrea, one of the most serious crimes […] in Eritrea involve the migration of people,” said Henok Goyitom, Vice President of the Central Committee of Eritrean refugees.  (Africa News – 09/06/2016)

Eritrean extradited to Italy denies being top smuggler: An Eritrean man extradited from Sudan to Italy on suspicion of being the head of a human smuggling ring has denied being the suspect claiming he is a refugee. (Al Jazeera - 11/06/2016)

Eritrea's foreign minister denies rights abuses, blames Ethiopia for clashes: In a media interview, Eritrea’s foreign minister Osman Saleh condemns the recently released UN report on human rights violations in Eritrea. "This 'crimes against humanity' is not acceptable […] they say that there is an indefinite national service but this isn’t true. People say it in order to get asylum," he said. (RFI – 21/06/2016)

Eritreans in Israel call for trial of their leaders over crimes against humanity: About 2,000 eritrean nationals protest in Tel Aviv, Israel, demanding that Eritrean leaders be tried in ICC for alleged crimes against humanity including torture, rape, murder and enslaving hundreds of thousands of people in Eritrea. This follows the release of a report by the UN on the situation of human rights in Eritrea. (Africa News – 21/06/2016) 

Diaspora Eritreans protest regime human rights abuses: Thousands of Eritreans rally in front of the UN office in Geneva against alleged human rights abuses committed by their government back home. This comes after the UN released a report accusing the regime of crimes against humanity since 1991. (Al Jazeera – 24/06/2016)

Eritreans in Ethiopia seek their leader is tried in ICC: Eritreans living in Ethiopia hold demonstrations in Addis Ababa, demanding that Eritrean President  Afeworki be referred to the International Criminal Court over alleged crimes against humanity. “We are all gathered here to express our support for the new UN commission inquiry’s report released recently which accuses the regime of crimes against humanity,” said one of the protesters. (Geeska Africa – 25/06/2016)

Ethiopia

British FM welcomes Ethiopian policy on trafficking: British Foreign Secretary welcomes Ethiopia’s move to draft anti-human trafficking laws urging the government to take further measures to tackle the flow of refugees and migrants to Europe. (Turkish Weekly – 03/06/2016)

Ethiopian children intercepted entering South Africa: 14 Ethiopian unaccompanied migrant children aged between 12 and 17 are deported back home from Zambia where they had been detained for several months for illegally trying to cross into South Africa. The children were lured to leave Ethiopia by smugglers promising attractive job opportunities in South Africa. (CAJ News – 12/06/2016)

Stranded Ethiopian migrants return from Tanzania:  The IOM assists 74 Ethiopian migrants stranded in Tanzania to safely return home. The group comprising of 53 adults and 21 unaccompanied minors had been intercepted in Tanzania shortly after crossing the Kenyan border irregularly. (New Business Ethiopia – 15/06/2016) 

Ethiopian migrants die in containerized truck: At least 19 Ethiopian nationals suffocate and die in a containerized truck that was carrying 95 Ethiopians reportedly being smuggled from Tanzania into Zambia. The final destination of the migrants was unclear however many migrants from the Horn of Africa intercepted on this route are headed for South Africa. Currently, there are 116 Ethiopian nationals in protective shelters in Zambia receiving assistance from IOM. (IOM Press – 24/06/2016)

Ethiopia wins seat on UN Security Council: Ethiopia secures a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council (UNSC), the most important governing body of the UN, where it will serve for a two-year term starting January 2017. (Sudan Tribune – 29/06/2016)

Kenya

Refugee camps are not the answer to a complex crisis: In view of Kenya’s decision to shut Dadaab refugee camp, the author of this article underscores the urgent need to find sustainable alternatives to refugee camps, as well find sustainable solutions for millions of urban refugees. (The Guardian – 10/06/2016) 

Kenya camp closure must be humane, says UN refugee chief: Speaking after a five day visit to Kenya and Somalia, UNHCR chief said that the planned closure of Dadaab refugee camp must not result in forcible returns to war-torn Somalia. "Repatriation, when it happens, must be in a humane, dignified manner, in line with international principles," said Filippo Grandi. (Daily Mail – 13/06/2016)  

Somalia's PM calls for delay of Dadaab closure: Somali government proposes a 2019 timeframe for the closure of Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya arguing that it would be very tough to return all the Somali refugees by end of 2016. “We don’t want Kenya to push out refugees at this stage in time, because it can create much more insecurity if these refugees are just kind of thrown out, with nothing […],” Prime Minister Omar Sharmarke said in a press interview. (Daily Nation – 16/06/2016) 

UN backs Kenya's stand on closure of Dadaab refugee camp: According to this article, the UN endorses Kenya’s decision to close down Dadaab refugee camp urging that refugees be treated with dignity and repatriated safely. The final details of the repatriation are to be agreed in July 2016 when Kenya hosts a meeting on UN Conference on Trade and Development. (Daily Nation – 16/06/2016) 

Somali refugees living in urban centres ordered to return to camps: The government of Kenya orders all refugees in urban centres to return to the refugee camps to “avoid conflict with the law.” This comes after the government made a decision to shut Dadaab refugee camp by November 2016. (The Star - 20/06/2016)

Somali refugees struggle in shadow of forced return: This article highlights the plight of Somalis living in Nairobi and other urban areas in Kenya who fear police harassment, arbitrary detention and subsequent xenophobic rhetoric following the government’s decision to close down Dadaab refugee camp by November 2016. (News Deeply – 23/06/2016)

Libya

All at sea: Libyan detention centres at crisis point: This article highlights the dire situation at the Zawiya migrant detention centre in Libya where more than 1,700 migrants have been detained, far above the maximum capacity of 1,200. It is estimated that as many as 2,000 migrants from Sub-Saharan African countries are entering Libya every day via the Tumo border point with Niger. (IRIN News – 01/06/2016)

Dangerous migrant smuggling routes flourish in lawless Libya: This article highlights the smuggling economy in Libya which continues to flourish as Libyan authorities describe themselves as “under-resourced and helpless” against powerful smugglers who are adapting swiftly to new conditions. (Thomson Reuters Foundation – 02/06/2016)

'They can’t live with us': Libyan PM rejects Turkey-style refugee deal with EU: In an interview with a media station, Libya’s prime minister rejects a similar EU-Turkey migrant deal with Libya urging EU to find a way to send refugees to their countries of origin instead of Libya. “They cannot live with us,” Al-Sarraj said in an interview with Die Welt’s Sunday edition (RT News – 06/06/2016)  

Netherlands and IOM sign Euro 1.5 m agreement to build Libyan Coast Guard capacity: The Netherlands and IOM Libya sign an agreement for an 18 month project aimed at enhancing the capacity of Libyan coastguard to save lives at sea and supporting the humanitarian repatriation of vulnerable migrants from Libya. (IOM Press – 10/06/2016) 

Refugees shot at by Libyan coastguard before being detained in 'shocking' conditions back in Libya: Amnesty International raise concern over EU’s plans to cooperate with Libya to stem the flow of migrants to Europe. The human rights agency warned that such a plan risks fuelling rampant ill- treatment and indefinite detention in shocking conditions of thousands of refugees and migrants in Libya. (Amnesty International – 14/06/2016) 

IOM facilitates voluntary repatriation of Nigerian migrants held in Libyan prisons: IOM provides voluntary repatriation assistance to 162 Nigerian nationals, including 28 women and 3 children, who were stuck in Libya’s immigration detention centres. (IOM Press – 17/06/2016) 

IOM’s report on displaced, returnees and migrants in Libya: According to IOM’s latest (Round 4) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) report, there are a total of 425,250 IDPs, 258,025 returnees and 264,014 migrants in Libya. The most frequently reported nationalities of migrants residing in Libya are those from Niger, Egypt, Chad, Ghana and Sudan. (Libya Herald – 22/06/2016) 

Ten migrants die in sinking boat off Libya: Italian coastguard: Italian coastguard rescue 223 migrants off the coast of Libya and recover ten bodies of women believed to have died either of suffocation under the weight of other people or by drowning in the bottom of one of the boats which was about to sink. (Reuters – 30/06/2016)

Somalia

5 facts about the global Somali diaspora: This article provides some key facts about the increasingly global Somali diaspora. (Pew Research Center – 01/06/2016) 

Parents in Somaliland are buying their sons taxis so they won’t risk their lives trying to reach Europe: In an attempt to dissuade their children from illegally migrating to Europe, parents in Somaliland are reportedly buying their children second hand cars to operate as taxis. (Quartz Africa – 20/06/2016) 

Construction of Puntland immigration headquarters in Garowe begins with IOM support: IOM and Puntland’s Ministry for Security and Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) launch the construction of the ministry’s immigration headquarters in Garowe, Puntland. The building will contribute to effective immigration service delivery and border management. (IOM Press – 21/06/2016)

South Sudan

10,000 civilians under UN shelter as violence escalates in South Sudan: The UN mission in Sudan announces that more than 10,000 people have been displaced following renewed clashes between the Sudan’s People Liberation Army (SPLA) and armed groups in Wau, northwest of the country. (Africa News – 27/06/2016)

Sudan

Sudanese security says foiled people-smuggling operation on Red Sea: Sudan security forces reportedly intercept 22 migrants as they attempted to cross the Red Sea coast to a neighbouring country believed to be Saudi Arabia. Two suspected people smugglers were also detained. (Sudan Tribune – 14/06/2016)

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