Briefing Papers

RMMS Briefing Papers

This series by RMMS showcases key issues in mixed migration, highlights new research and discusses emerging trends. Read all briefing papers here.

Unpacking the Myths: Human smuggling from and within the Horn of Africa

In-depth analysis on migrant smuggling from and within the Horn of Africa – using quotes from smugglers to understand the illicit migrant smuggling economy, how people move, and the risks faced by smuggled migrants.

Smuggled South

An updated overview of mixed migration from the Horn of Africa to southern Africa with specific focus on protections risks, human smuggling and trafficking.

Weighing the Risks

Protection risks and human rights violations faced by migrants in and from East Africa.

Getting to Europe the ‘WhatsApp’ way

The use of ICT in contemporary mixed migration flows to Europe.

Human Smuggling

A compilation of quotes and stories from migrants and refugees migrating out of the Horn of Africa.

Pushed and Pulled in Two Directions

An analysis of the bi-directional refugee and migrant flow between the Horn of Africa and Yemen.

Contact Us

Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat
DRC East Africa & Great Lakes
Lower Kabete Road
(Ngecha Road Junction)
P.O.Box 14762, 00800
Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: +254 709867 000


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The RMMS is primarily funded by the Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of the Swiss government and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development , with support from other donors for specific projects.