Policy Documents

Report on the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea (June 2015)

The Commission of Inquiry was established by the UN Human Rights Council in June 2014 to conduct an investigation of all alleged violations of human rights in Eritrea. The report concludes that systemic, widespread and gross violations are being and have been committed by the Government of Eritrea.

European Commission Communication: A European Agenda on Migration (May 2015)

The communication from the European commission details the adoption of the strategy to respond to migration in the EU, including migrant smuggling across the Mediterranean and partnerships with origin and transit countries.


On 26th of March 2018, the co-facilitators released the Draft Rev 1 of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM), reflecting the deliberations from the first and second round of intergovernmental negotiations. This review presents the MMC assessment of this new draft. It builds upon the previous assessment and statement by the MMC on the zero draft and zero draft plus.1


The second round of intergovernmental negotiations on the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) takes place from 12 to 15 March 2018. Ahead of the meeting, the co-facilitators released a ‘zero draft plus’ of the GCM and announced four issues requiring further discussion, including the ‘differentiation between irregular and regular’ and the ‘differentiation between migrants and refugees’. This statement presents the MMC position on these issues, which are both at the heart of the mixed migration concept, which provides a lens needed to understand and address contemporary movement of refugees and migrants in mixed flows.1


On February 5th, the co-facilitators of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) released the “zero draft” with 22 core commitments. The GCM, to be adopted in 2018, presents a crucial step towards an improved framework for global migration governance and ensuring that migrants, whether seeking a better life or escaping violence and poverty, can do so in a safe, predictable, and orderly manner. The Mixed Migration Centre (MMC) welcomes the commitment by the international community to, through adoption of the GCM and implementation of the commitments, contribute to enhanced cooperation on international migration in all its dimensions.

UNHCR National Strategy to Address Trafficking and Smuggling of Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Ethiopia (December 2014)

This strategy highlights UNHCR Ethiopia's intention to expand its efforts to address the phenomenon of smuggling/trafficking by implementing new activities with its partners. The strategy is closely aligned with the Ethiopian Government's national action plan.

Protecting people on the move - mixed migration in volatile contexts (September 2014)

This evaluation/learning brief uses the term mixed migration as an analytical and policy concept to respond to the fast changing reality of mobility. It advocates for evidence based policies and programmatic responses to alleviate the protection needs of migrants in mixed flows.

Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights at International Borders (July 2014)

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has developed this document to support States in fulfilling their obligations to govern their borders in accordance with international human rights law and other relevant standards.

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants on his mission to Qatar (April 2014)

In this report, the Special Rapporteur emphasizes that efforts need to be stepped up to prevent human rights abuses of migrants in Qatar - a country that has the highest proportion of migrants of any country in the world.

The EU-Africa Declaration on Migration and Mobility (April 2014)

was adopted in the 4th EU-Africa Summit in Brussels, it is an action plan for 2014 -2017 focusing on key areas.

UN Human Rights Council high-level panel on promoting and protecting the human rights of migrants (March 2014)

A commentary from a Human Rights Council meeting held in Geneva with the participation of UN Agencies, International Organizations and States.

Irregular migrants from the Horn of Africa with European sponsors kidnapped for ransom and held in the Sinai (March 2014)

A scan policy document from Europol (the European Union's law enforcement agency) containing key findings and recommendations.

The Sana'a Declaration (November 2013)

Is an outcome document of the Regional Conference on Migration and Asylum from the Horn of Africa to Yemen.

Declaration of the High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development (October 2013)

A unanimous adoption of a declaration by UN General Assembly states. It calls for the respect of human rights and international labour standards. It also reiterates the commitment to fight human trafficking and condemns manifestations of racism and intolerance.

The Nansen Initiative Information Note (October 2013)

Towards a protection for Disaster-Induced Cross-Border Displacement.

The Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (2011)

Is the EU's framework for dialogue and cooperation with non-EU countries of origin, transit and destination.

The SADC Action Plan following the Regional Conference on Refugee Protection and International Migration (2010)

This document provides a flexible framework for pursuing the recommendations adopted to address mixed movements from the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes sub-region to Southern Africa.

The International Migrants Bill of Rights (2010)

A comprehensive normative framework for all migrants.

The European Union common immigration policy (2008)

lays out ten common principles which are based on Europe’s commitment to uphold universal values such as protection of refugees, respect for human dignity and tolerance.

The IOM irregular migration and mixed flows policy paper (2008)

emphasizes a comprehensive approach to migration management that takes into account the legitimate sovereign authority of States and the fundamental human rights of migrants.

UNHCR: Refugee Protection and Mixed Migration a 10 point plan (2007)

Is a guide on how humanitarian agencies and States can take protection responsibilities over irregular movements of migrants.

The Nairobi Code, Model Rules of Ethics in Refugee Cases (February 2007)

The Rules were promulgated at the Southern Refugee Legal Aid Conference held in Nairobi. They provide guidance to legal aid providers in the context of refugee status determination procedures and other legal aid services offered to refugees

The Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, Especially Women and Children (November 2006)

As a joint product of the AU and EU, the plan focuses on prevention, awareness-raising, and victim protection and assistance. It also makes a number of proposals for legislative frameworks and policies that states should adopt or develop.

African Common Position on Migration and Development (June 2006)

The position highlights 11 priority issues and makes a number of recommendations for action at national, continental, and international levels.

The African Union (AU) Migration Policy Framework (June 2006)

Identifies 9 key thematic migration issues with sub-themes which provides a comprehensive and integrated policy guideline and makes recommendations for consideration by AU Member States and Regional Economic Communities.

Contact Us

Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat
DRC East Africa & Yemen
Lower Kabete Road
(Ngecha Road Junction)
P.O.Box 14762, 00800
Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: +254 709867 000


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The RMMS is primarily funded by the Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of the Swiss government and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development , with support from other donors for specific projects.